UK Transgender Related Prison Statistics

An indirect measure of criminality is number of people in prison vs the general population. The UK has released some very high level numbers as part of their general reports that provide some insight. National Offender Management Service Annual Offender Equalities Report 2016/2017
 
Page 9
 
Gender Reassignment
  • 47 of the 124 public and private prisons (38%) in England and Wales said they had 1 or more transgender prisoners⁹.
  • There were 125 prisoners currently living in, or presenting in, a gender different to their sex assigned at birth and who have had a local transgender case board.
_____________________
⁹ Prisoners who are currently living in, or are presenting in a gender different to their sex assigned at birth and who have had a case conference (as defined by PSI 17/2016), as known to individual prisons.
 
Page 13
 
2. Transgender Prisoners
 
For the purposes of this report, transgender prisoners are defined as those individuals known within prison to be currently living in, or are presenting in, a gender different to their sex assigned at birth and who have had a case conference (as defined by PSI 17/2016 The Care and Management of Transgender Offenders¹⁶).
 
The number of prisoners who have already transitioned and have a full Gender Recognition Certificate are thought to be excluded. Statistics on the number of all applications to the Gender Recognition Panel are published in Tribunals and gender recognition statistics quarterly at https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/tribunals-statistics.
 
The figures give an estimate of the number of transgender prisoners and are likely to underestimate the true number. There may be some transgender prisoners who have not declared that they are transgender or had a local transgender case board, and some who have a Gender Recognition Certificate
 
Details of the number of transgender prisoners were provided by Equalities Representatives in public and private prisons in England and Wales, between 30 March 2017and 28 April 2017. New guidance on the care and management of transgender offenders was issued prior to the collection of data in March/April 2017. This may have led to an increase in the number of transgender prisoners recorded when compared with results from the March/April 2016 data collection.
 
According to the data collection exercise conducted in March/April 2017:
  • 47 of the 124 public and private prisons (38%) in England and Wales said that they had 1 or more transgender prisoners¹⁷.
  • There were 125 prisoners currently living in, or presenting in, a gender different to their sex assigned at birth and who have had a local transgender case board.
  • Of these, 99 reported their gender¹⁸ as male, 23 reported their gender as female and 3 did not state their gender.
  • 12 of the 125 prisoners reported their ethnic group as Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Group and 113 as White.
  • Based on this exercise, there were 1.5 transgender prisoners reported per 1,000 prisoners in custody.
_____________________
¹⁶ This replaced PSI 07/2011 – Care and Management of Transsexual Prisoners in January 2017. Information about the review which led to new guidance is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/care-and-management-of-transgender-offenders .
¹⁷ Prisoners who are currently living in, or are presenting in a gender different to their sex assigned at birth and who have had a case conference (as defined by PSI 17/2016), as known to individual prisons.
¹⁸ The gender is self-reported on reception to the prison and based on information recorded on central administrative databases. It is not possible to determine if this is the legal gender or whether the gender has changed
 
Page 14
 
Figure 2.1: Number of Transgender Prisoners by age-group, March/April 2016 and March/April 2017
 
table2-1.PNG
 
 
Commentary
 
The above report information when contextualized by the general UK population prison data provides important insights not obvious from the raw numbers. Base populations for the below chart is ‘All UK People’, ‘All UK Women’, ‘All UK Men’, and ‘All UK Transgender People’.
 
uk-prison-population.PNG